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See details. Seller's other items. Sell one like this. Related sponsored items Feedback on our suggestions - Related sponsored items. Last one. Puss N Boots - Dear Santa Similar sponsored items Feedback on our suggestions - Similar sponsored items. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. In the s, the number of entertainments on a theater bill began to be reduced, first to two or three and, later, to one main feature only.
Acting styles in the early 19th century were prone to exaggerated movement, gestures, grandiose effects, spectacular drama, physical comedy and gags and outlandish costumes. However, from the midth century, a more naturalistic acting style came into vogue, and actors were expected to present a more coherent expression of character. Subject matter of new plays was more often drawn from contemporary social life, such as marriage and domestic issues and issues of social class and social problems.
Another favorite form in 19th-century theater was the burlesque also called travesty. The plays of Shakespeare, especially those in the regular repertory of the legitimate The Famous Theatre Company With The Hollywood Studio Orchestra - Puss In Boots (Vinyl, were a favorite target.
Many actors were known primarily for their comedic and burlesque acting talents. Along with plays and actors, America inherited the "star system" from Great Britain. Stock theater companies were established in large cities on the East Coast and in New Orleans. The cast was then supplemented by visiting theatrical stars, who toured the country for just such purpose. Stock companies were self-sufficient and mounted productions on their own when no star was visiting, but by the s, so many stars were touring the United States that most companies were rarely without the services of at least one big-name actor or actress.
Stock companies usually had an actor-manager who was responsible for all details of business and production. Managers of these companies were quite powerful and their word was law in the company. The manager often made significant changes to a playwright's work, and the playwrights had no recourse to prevent this until the passing of the Dramatic copyright Act of Even then, the Copyright Act only covered printed plays, LP). Theatrical productions were rotated regularly, often daily.
However, long runs of or more continuous performances were not unusual and became common in the latter decades of the 19th century. In the last half of the 19th century, the star system gradually gave way to the "combination system.
Companies would spend the summer in their home city, usually New York, Boston, or Philadelphia, and then would be on tour again beginning in October. A "season" usually consisted of 39 weeks. The American theater was only moderately affected by the outbreak of the Civil War.
Some theaters closed down in the first year of the war but then reopened, even in the South. However, touring was severely limited in the northern states and stopped all together in southern states.
A few leading actors volunteered for service LP) the majority continued to pursue their profession. At one point, four shows were thriving in New York City at the same time. After the war, many southern theaters never regained their stature, even as the theater industry in the north and west grew rapidly. In the 18th century and early 19th century, the acting profession was considered sinful and actors were subject to social ostracism.
However, by the midth century actors could be considered quite socially respectable. The memoirs of theatrical people like Wood, Ludlow, Smith, or William Warren gave no suggestion of social ostracism. On the contrary, once established in their profession, they became solid and respected citizens.
Of course, to some extend their background, to a greater degree their modest salaries, limited actors' social success. But if actors succeeded, lived decently, and, perhaps most important, made money, they were socially accepted.
The life of actors and actresses in the midth century was very hard, requiring great physical stamina. In addition to a grueling performance schedule, actors must withstand stagecoach and early riverboat travel in addition to makeshift lodgings. Actors would often rehearse as many as three plays during a day and then would have to prepare for the night's performance.
By the Civil War, the season was varied and demanding. A season could consist of 40 to plays, changing nightly. Utility actors in a company might be expected to know over parts. The famous actress Charlotte Cushman would offer different lead roles. Actors were usually expected to learn a new part within two days, sometimes overnight.
Except for the lowest ranks of actors, these salaries were good for this period, especially for women, even though they were paid less than men in comparable roles. Actors LP) actresses were expected to furnish their own costumes. Many of the actors and actresses of the 19th century came from theatrical families and backgrounds, and many got their start in the theater as children.
And, unlike their modern counterparts, they more often than not drew recognition by play adult roles. Bad managers have absconded with their salaries equally; audiences booed them equally; they starved equally between engagements; and their contributions to the traditions of the theatre have been equally forgotten.
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